The OAN | The OAN - Facts About Nigeria
The Organization for the Advancement of Nigerians (OAN) Inc. was founded in 1989 by a group of concerned Nigerian to address the needs of the Nigerian community.
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Nigeria Facts!

Named after the River Niger, Nigeria is a federal constitutional republic in Africa. The country stands divided into thirty-six states and one Federal Capital Territory. Nigeria is situated in Western Africa and is surrounded by the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east and Niger in the north. Its coastal sides fall on the Gulf of Guinea, part of the Atlantic Ocean, in the south.


Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria.

Nigeria is one of the most linguistically diverse countries and around 521 languages have been catalogued of which 510 are still spoken, two are second languages without any native speakers and 9 are dead languages. Nigeria is home to seven percent (7%) of the total languages spoken on earth.


In Nigeria around 50.4% of the population are Muslims, 48.2% are Christians and 1.4% practice other religion

Geography & Resources

The national day in Nigeria is celebrated on October 1 every year. The day is celebrated to commemorate the independence of Nigeria from the United Kingdom on this day in 1960. The country was declared a Republic on October 1, 1963.

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the eighth most populous country in the world.

Oil was first discovered in Nigeria in 1956, at Oloibiri (Bayelsa State).

Nigeria is the 12th largest producer of petroleum in the world and the 8th largest petroleum exporter.

Nigeria has the highest rate of twin births in the world, compared to any other country.

Ogun State has the largest number of Universities in Nigeria.

Nigeria is home to seven percent (7%) of the total languages spoken on earth.

The Walls of Benin (800-1400AD), in present day Edo State, are the longest ancient earthworks in the world, and probably the largest man-made structure on earth.

Nigeria has the highest rate of twin births in the world, compared to any other country.

It is widely believed that the areas surrounding Calabar, Cross River State, contain the world’s largest diversity of butterflies.

The Jos Plateau Indigobird, a small reddish-brown bird, is found nowhere else on the planet but Plateau state, Nigeria.

The Anambra waxbill, a small bird of many beautiful colours, is found only in Southern Nigeria and nowhere else on earth.

The drill monkey is only found in the wild in Southeast Nigeria and neighboring Cameroon.

Symbolism of Coat of Arms

• The red eagle depicts Nigeria’s strength.

• The black shield signifies the fortuitous qualities of the land in agricultural, mineral and solid resources.

• The Y-shaped silver coloured wavy band in the middle of the black shield represents the two major rivers in the country, River Niger and River Benue.

• The two white horses signify dignity.

Symbolism of Flag

• White stripe denotes peace and unity and is also symbolic of the Niger River bisecting the countryside.

• The green stripes represent agriculture.

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